Diabetes mellitus, commonly known as diabetes, is a metabolic disease characterized by high levels of sugar (glucose) in the blood. Diabetes occurs when the pancreas is either not producing enough insulin or the cells are not able to respond properly to the insulin produced.
Diabetes is often called a silent killer because of its easy-to-miss symptoms. Most often, people do not even know that they have diabetes as early symptoms sometimes seem harmless. Early diagnosis and treatment can help prevent serious complications, which include cardiovascular disease, nerve damage, kidney damage, eye damage, foot damage, skin problems and pregnancy complications.
There are three main types of diabetes:
Types of diabetes
Type 1 diabetes
Also known as juvenile diabetes, it occurs when the pancreas is not able to produce enough insulin. It is considered an autoimmune disease. Factors that increase the risk of Type 1 diabetes are family history, exposure to viral illnesses, the presence of damaging immune system cells in the body, and low vitamin D levels.