When the world seems like it has started to spin, even though you aren’t moving, you may be suffering from an episode of vertigo. This spinning sensation can be very disconcerting, leading to nausea, instability and excessive sweating. There are two main forms of vertigo – peripheral and central. Peripheral vertigo refers to a condition caused by a problem with the inner ear (vestibular labyrinth region), and there are a number of illnesses and afflictions that can cause vertigo from this area of the body, including benign paroxysmal positional vertigo, as well as Meniere’s disease, in addition to smoking, diabetes, high blood pressure and certain medications. Furthermore, something as simple as a cold, congested sinuses, or the flu can also affect the inner ear pressure and result in feelings of dizziness.
The second type of vertigo is central, which refers to an issues with the balance control centers of the nervous system. This is most commonly caused by a lesion to the cerebellum or brainstem, and the symptoms can be far more severe. Unlike peripheral vertigo, there is less visual deception or nausea, but even more serious balance issues, meaning that some people suffering from this form of vertigo are completely unable to stand or walk. A number of other factors can cause this sort of immobility, aside from a brain lesion, including migraine headaches, spine disorders, or multiple sclerosis, among others. Peripheral symptoms seem to pass more quickly, sometimes within a few seconds or minutes, but central vertigo can be much more long-lasting.
Depending on the underlying cause, different treatment approaches are recommended, ranging from antihistamines and beta blockers to anticonvulsants and steroids. However, there are also a number of natural remedies that can work just as well, if not better, so let’s take a look at some of these home remedies for vertigo!